Conductas y motivaciones sexuales en la adolescencia tardía del adolescente cuencano

Silvia Gabriela Guevara Castro, Elena Monserrath Jerves Hermida

Texto completo:

PDF

Resumen

RESUMEN

La variedad y frecuencia de prácticas sexuales ocurridas previa o paralelamente al coito van precedidas de un motivo; el conocimiento de estas motivaciones durante la etapa de la adolescencia provee de herramientas para una educación sexual basada en evidencias. Objetivo. Visibilizar la variedad y frecuencia de prácticas y motivaciones sexuales durante la adolescencia. Método. El estudio se desarrolló con una muestra aleatoria de 2 051 adolescentes escolarizados (15 a 19 años) de la ciudad de Cuenca. La información fue recolectada a través de la aplicación de los cuestionarios de autoadministración Human Sexuality Questionnaire y una adaptación, y Sex Motives. El análisis tuvo un alcance descriptivo y correlacional. Resultados. La variedad de conductas sexuales en la población estudiada va disminuyendo a medida que aumenta el grado de intimidad sexual. Quienes nunca han besado, representan 17 % de hombres y 22 % de mujeres, mientras 49 % de hombres y 76 % de mujeres refieren no haber tenido coito vaginal. En cuanto a  diferenciación por sexo, los hombres manifiestan un porcentaje significativamente mayor a conductas sexuales frente a mujeres, siendo la excepción los besos sin lengua. Las motivaciones positivas tuvieron una correlación positiva moderada con respecto a la mayor parte de conductas sexuales. Conclusiones. A partir de un reconocimiento del comportamiento sexual como parte del desarrollo del adolescente, se evidencia que la presencia de prácticas sexuales en la adolescencia está correlacionada en distinto grado con las motivaciones sexuales, razón por la cual es necesario hacer un abordaje de todas las conductas sexuales del adolescente, así como sus motivaciones.

Palabras claves: conducta sexual, motivación sexual, adolescencia, Cuenca.

ABSTRACT

The variety and frequency of sexual practices that occurred prior to or in parallel with  intercourse are preceded by a motive; the knowledge of these motivations during adolescence provides tools for evidence-based sex education. Objective. Make visible the variety and frequency of sexual practices and motivations during adolescence. Method. The study was carried out with a random sample of 2 051 adolescents in school (15 to 19 years old) from the city of Cuenca. The information was collected through the application of the Human Sexuality Questionnaire self-administration questionnaires and an adaptation, and Sex Motives. The analysis had a descriptive and correlational scope. Results. The variety of sexual behaviors in the population studied decreases as the degree of sexual intimacy increases. Those who have never kissed represent 17% of men and 22% of women, while  49% of men and 76% of women report not have had vaginal intercourse. Regarding differentiation by sex, men show a significantly higher percentage of sexual behaviors compared to women, the exception being kisses without tongue. Positive motivations had a moderate positive correlation with most sexual behaviors. Conclusions. From recognition of sexual behavior as part of the adolescent's development, it is evident that the presence of sexual practices in adolescence is correlated to different degrees with sexual motivations, which is why it is necessary to make an approach to all sexual behaviors of the adolescent, as well as their motivations.

Keywords: sexual behavior, sexual motivation, adolescence, Cuenca.

Palabras clave

conducta sexual; motivación sexual; adolescencia

Referencias

Akers, A. Y., Gold, M. A., Bost, J. E., Adimora, A. A., Orr, D. P., & Fortenberry, J. D. (2011). Variation in sexual behaviors in a cohort of adolescent females: The role of personal, perceived peer, and perceived family attitudes. Journal of Adolescent Health, 48(1), 87-93 doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.05.004

Arafat, I. S., & Cotton, W. L. (1974). Masturbation practices of males and females. Journal of Sex Research, 10(4), 293-307. doi.org/10.1080/00224497409550863

Brook, J. S., Balka, E. B., Abernathy, T., & Hamburg, B. A. (1994). Sequence of sexual behavior and its relationship to other problem behaviors in African American and Puerto Rican adolescents. The Journal of Genetic Psychology,155(1), 107-114. doi.org/10.1080/00221325.1994.9914763

Carrión, J. R., & Blanco, C. I. T. (2012). Conductas sexuales en adolescentes de 12 a 17 años de Andalucía. Gaceta Sanitaria, 26(6), 519-524. Recuperado de http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0213911112001033

Chandra, A., Mosher, W. D., & Copen, C. (2011). Sexual Behavior, Sexual Attraction, and Sexual Identity in the United States: Data From the 2006-2008 National Survey of Family Growth. National Health Statistics Reports, 1-36. Recuperado de http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.205.349&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Cooper, M. L., Pioli, M., Levitt, A., Talley, A. E., Micheas, L., & Collins, N. L. (2006). Attachment styles, sex motives, and sexual behavior. Dynamics of romantic love:

Attachment, caregiving, and sex, 243-274

Crockett, L. J., Raffaelli, M., y Moilanen, K. (2003). Adolescent sexuality: Behavior and Meaning. En G. R. Adams, y M. Berzonsky Blackwell, Handbook of Adolescence (págs. 371-392). Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

de Graaf, H., Vanwesenbeeck, I., Meijer, S., Woertman, L., & Meeus, W. (2009). Sexual trajectories during adolescence: Relation to demographic characteristics and sexual risk. Archives of sexual behavior, 38(2), 276-282. doi.org/10.1007/s10508-007-9281-1

de la Rubia, J. M. (2011). Predicción de la frecuencia de masturbación en estudiantes universitarios. R. Interam. Psicol, 45, 1. Recuperado de http://www.psicorip.org/Resumos/PerP/RIP/RIP041a5/RIP04509.pdf

Fava, N. M., & Bay-Cheng, L. Y. (2012). Young women's adolescent experiences of oral sex: Relation of age of initiation to sexual motivation, sexual coercion, and psychological functioning. Journal of adolescence, 35(5), 1191-1201. doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2012.03.010

Gates, G. J., & Sonenstein, F. L. (2000). Heterosexual genital sexual activity among adolescent males: 1988 and 1995. Family planning perspectives, 295-304 .doi.org/10.2307/2648198

Gómez-Zapiain, J. (2005). Apego y comportamiento sexual en la adolescencia, en relación con la disposición a asumir riesgos asociados a la experiencia erótica. Infancia y aprendizaje, 28(3), 293-308 DOI: 10.1174/0210370054740250

Halpern-Felsher, B. L., Cornell, J. L., Kropp, R. Y., & Tschann, J. M. (2005). Oral versus vaginal sex among adolescents: Perceptions, attitudes, and behavior. Pediatrics, 115(4), 845-851 doi.org/10.1542/peds.2004-2108

Horne, S., & Zimmer-Gembeck, M. J. (2005). Female sexual subjectivity and well-being: Comparing late adolescents with different sexual experiences.Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 2(3), 25-40. doi.org/10.1525/srsp.2005.2.3.25

INEC, I. N. (2012). Encuesta Nacional de Salud, Salud Reproductiva y Nutrición. Obtenido de Datos Basicos Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición ENSANUT-ECU 2012 Componentes de Salud Sexual y Reproductiva Tomo II: http://www.ecuadorencifras.gob.ec/salud-salud-reproductiva-y-nutricion/

Jankowiak, W. R., Volsche, S. L., & Garcia, J. R. (2015). Is the Romantic–Sexual Kiss a Near Human Universal?. American Anthropologist, 117(3), 535-539. Recuperado de http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/aman.12286/full

Lefkowitz, E. S., Vasilenko, S. A., & Leavitt, C. E. (2016). Oral vs. Vaginal Sex Experiences and Consequences Among First-Year College Students.Archives of sexual behavior, 45(2), 329-337. doi.org/10.1007/s10508-015-0654-6

Leichliter, J. S., Chandra, A., Liddon, N., Fenton, K. A., & Aral, S. O. (2007). Prevalence and correlates of heterosexual anal and oral sex in adolescents and adults in the United States. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 196(12), 1852-1859 doi.org/10.1086/522867

Lindberg, L. D., Jones, R., & Santelli, J. S. (2008). Noncoital sexual activities among adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 43(3), 231-238 doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.12.010

López, F., Carcedo, R., Fernández-Rouco, N., Blázquez, M. I., & Kilani, A. (2011). Diferencias sexuales en la sexualidad adolescente: afectos y conductas. anales de psicología, 27(3), 791-9. Recuperado de http://revistas.um.es/analesps/article/viewFile/135521/123601

Menn, M., Goodson, P., Pruitt, B., & Peck-Parrott, K. (2011). Terminology of Sexuality Expressions that Exclude Penetration: A Literature Review.American Journal of Sexuality Education, 6(4), 343-359. doi.org/10.1080/15546128.2011.625721

Robbins, C. L., Schick, V., Reece, M., Herbenick, D., Sanders, S. A., Dodge, B., & Fortenberry, J. D. (2011). Prevalence, frequency, and associations of masturbation with partnered sexual behaviors among US adolescents. Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine, 165(12), 1087-1093

doi.org/10.1001/archpediatrics.2011.142

Schuster, M. A., Bell, R. M., & Kanouse, D. E. (1996). The sexual practices of adolescent virgins: genital sexual activities of high school students who have never had vaginal intercourse. American journal of public health, 86(11), 1570-1576 doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.86.11.1570

Schwartz, I. M. (1999). Sexual activity prior to coital initiation: a comparison between males and females. Archives of sexual behavior, 28(1), 63-69. Recuperado de http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1018793622284#page-1

Smith, E. A., & Udry, J. R. (1985). Coital and non-coital sexual behaviors of white and black adolescents. American journal of public health, 75(10), 1200-1203 doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.75.10.1200

Song, A. V., & Halpern-Felsher, B. L. (2011). Predictive relationship between adolescent oral and vaginal sex: Results from a prospective, longitudinal study.Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine, 165(3), 243-249 doi.org/10.1001/archpediatrics.2010.214

Tolman, D. L., Striepe, M. I., & Harmon, T. (2003). Gender matters: Constructing a model of adolescent sexual health. Journal of sex research,40(1), 4-12 .doi.org/10.1080/00224490309552162

Wellings, K., Collumbien, M., Slaymaker, E., Singh, S., Hodges, Z., Patel, D., & Bajos, N. (2006). Sexual behaviour in context: a global perspective. The Lancet, 368(9548), 1706-1728. doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69479-8

Welsh, D. P., Haugen, P. T., Widman, L., Darling, N., & Grello, C. M. (2005). Kissing is good: A developmental investigation of sexuality in adolescent romantic couples. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 2(4), 32-41 .doi.org/10.1525/srsp.2005.2.4.32

Woody, J. D., Russel, R., D'Souza, H. J., & Woody, J. K. (2000). Adolescent non-coital sexual activity: Comparisons of virgins and non-virgins. Journal of Sex Education and Therapy, 25(4), 261-268

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.




Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.